Winter Warfare: Red Army Orders and Experiences (Soviet (Russian) Study of War)
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Based on German and Soviet military archival material, this book provides an insight into the tactics and planning for combat in a winter climate. It also studies the mechanisms for change in an army during the course of battle.
The first part of the book looks at the tactical pamphlet 'People's Commissar for Defence Order No. 109', as passed by Red Army units on 4 March 1941, which provided regulations for combat in Winter. The second part of the book, using material from the Soviet military archives, reveals Red Army General Staff supplements to the winter regulation.
resistance on the support beam . 14. Provisions: a . Grease must be removed from shells with painted surfaces. Forbid firing with greased cartridges. b. Remove the reinforced lid when shells are in cases, only before strengthening the separated charge . c. Deliver a round for warm up at the beginning of firing. Fire the first round at a reduced charge when there are guns with different charges and when there are heavy mortars available. d. Protect standard cartridges, and shells of various
reserve 99 APPE NDIX 6 barrel for the gun, Model 1939 (figure 16). The transport of each volokusha is handled by two soldiers. When possible, it can also be towed by a horse. The march order for the machine-gun Model 1939 on the volokusha is illustrated in figure 17. Figure 14 Heavy machine-gun (1939) on a volokusha Figure 15 Firing a heavy machine-gun (1939) from a volokusha Figure 16 Ammunition cases, reserve barrel and tool chest on a volokusha Figure 17 Transport of a heavy
The dugout is constructed from small unfinished posts and covered with pine branches, and as a rule has a single pyre with one or sometimes two sides exposed to the wind. Its length is six meters and more, with half a meter on each side. The construction of such a dugout requires two-and-a-half hours per man . 4. Twig huts: twig huts exist in rectangular and round designs. The rectangular twig hut can have a one, two, three or four corner cover format. Twig huts with a slope are constructed in
activities in winter and the ir correct evaluation should alwaysgive the commander who is organizing 171 THE EXPERIENCES the battle ideas for the most advantageous use of skiers in each actual case. In all cases of the combat employment of ski units, it is important that the primary tactical features - mobility and maneuverability - be correctly used. The use of ski units and subunits to attack fortified enemy points should be acknowledged as inexpedient. Conclusions concerning the combat
the operation. The artillery groupings among the divisions were random. The plan for the army artillery offensive was written down but not specified; it did not coordinate the efforts of the divisions. The divisions, in their turn, did not coordinate all the efforts of artillery and infantry means under plans for the artillery offensive. The plans for subordinate artillery units were copies or extracts of the plans of superior artillery chiefs. The plans did not stipulate the 174 em,IBAT