The Penguin History of Modern China: The Fall and Rise of a Great Power, 1850 - 2009

The Penguin History of Modern China: The Fall and Rise of a Great Power, 1850 - 2009

Jonathan Fenby

Language: English

Pages: 797

ISBN: B002RI92B6

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

'China's reemergence as a global economic powerhouse has compressed into a single generation an industrial and urban revolution on a scale the world has never seen. Its transformation looks to many foreigners, and to millions of newly prosperous Chinese, like a near-miraculous escape from the agonies of its recent history - late imperial, warlord-republican and Maoist. The great merit of Jonathan Fenby's vivid account of the years since 1850 is to underline how heavily that history still weighs on the present' Rosemary Righter, The Times

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that would continue to the 1970s. Mao contented himself with joining the Standing Committee of the Politburo and becoming Zhou’s main military adviser. In February, one of his allies, Zhang Wentian, replaced Bo. Then a Front Headquarters was set up for the military which, in effect, sidelined Zhou. Zhu De, whose relations with Mao in Jiangxi had not always been smooth but who could always be dominated politically, was named commander. The Chairman became the army’s political commissar. A new

country had to emerge from the straitjacket into which it had crammed itself. ‘Why can’t we play the American card?’ they asked. The Soviet Union could not win the Cold War, they concluded. China’s best interest was to pursue the contradictions between the two superpowers by opening up to the US. Mao did not react immediately. Zhou had simply said that the situation was changing. Then Lin Biao had stated that the Soviet Union was an enemy equal with the United States. If Beijing could build

safe to let off steam. Often, someone would rant and rave and then quickly disappear back into the crowd.’ Or, as another participant told the correspondent of the London Times: ‘That is really a pretext. We came here because we have something to say. I don’t think we’ll achieve anything, but it’s better to do something than nothing.’5 Growing less sanguine, Li Tieying told Zhao Ziyang and Li Peng that he was hearing about worrying trends. Zhao replied that the students were patriotic; reason

498-9 Social Democratic Party, 248 Socialist Education Movement, 426-7 socialist modernization, 537 Song Jiaoren, 122, 123, 130-31 Song Peng, 639 Song Ping, 615 Song Zheyuan, 248 Soong Ailing, 128, 174 Soong Meiling, 209 wedding, 191 life, 192 as Director of National Aeronautics Board, 265 arrives in Xi’an, 272 wounded in Shanghai, 279 welfare work in war, 286 escapes to Hunan, 290 attends Donald’s funeral, 293 and Chennault, 306 berates Stilwell, 307-8 role in Sino-American

it stormed towns, burned down official buildings, and attacked officials and the well-off in hit-and-run raids across Henan, Hubei, Anhui, Shaanxi and Gansu. The bandits received regular pay, and appear to have been quite well-disciplined. Their chief, who wore a leather jacket and white fur hat, could show a social side, handing out food and coins to the poor. A government report noted that village women and children thought of the bandits as their own family and regarded soldiers as enemies. A

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