The Fall and Rise of China: Healing the Trauma of History

The Fall and Rise of China: Healing the Trauma of History

Language: English

Pages: 128

ISBN: 1780231687

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


 Today, China is a global power, home to the world’s fastest-growing economy and largest standing army—which makes it hard to believe that only 150 years ago, China was enduring defeats by Western imperial powers and neighboring Japan. For a time, the Middle Kingdom seemed like it was on the verge of being overtaken by foreign interests—but the country has quickly and ambitiously become a player on the world stage once again.

 
In this absorbing account of how China refashioned itself, Paul U. Unschuld traces the course of the country’s development in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Faced with evidence of the superiority of Western science and technology, Unschuld shows, China delivered an unsparing self-diagnosis, identifying those aspects of Western civilization it had to adopt in order to remove the cultural impediments to its own renaissance. He reveals that China did not just express its many aversions to the West as collective hatred for its aggressors; rather, the country chose the path of reason and fundamental renewal, prescribing for itself a therapy that followed the same principles as Chinese medicine: the cause of an illness lies first and foremost within oneself. In curing its wounds by first admitting its own deficiencies and mistakes, China has been able to develop itself as a modern country and a leading competitor in science, technology, and education.
 
Presenting an entirely new analysis of China’s past, this crisp, concise book offers new insights into the possibilities of what China may achieve in the future.

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Urals in 1581, especially those under the leader Yermak, who, with fewer than 1,000 Cossacks and mercenaries, gradually pushed eastward, colonizing regions inhabited by numerous Siberian nomadic peoples. Whereas the French had to cross the Mediterranean to Algeria to add colonies to their homelands, and the British entire oceans to North America and Nigeria, Russia merely had to surmount the Urals, the natural frontier to the territories beyond. By the mid-seventeenth century the Cossacks had

nationwide ban on missionary work. All missionaries, most of them Spanish or Portuguese, were expelled. Japanese converts were given a choice: either to abjure their faith in a ceremony mocking an image of Christ, or be executed. From the mid-seventeenth century, contact with other countries stopped almost completely. On the one hand, this was to the fall and rise of china 70 keep out the missionaries. On the other, the Tokugawa Shoguns, who ruled over a feudal society with vassal structures,

foreign progressive culture, not enough of which was done in the past. We should assimilate whatever is useful to us today not only from the present-day socialist and new-democratic cultures but also from the earlier cultures of other nations, for example, from the culture of the various capitalist countries in the Age of Enlightenment. However, we should not gulp any of this foreign material down uncritically, but must treat it as we do our food – first chewing it, then submitting it to the

task could only be accomplished because China, confronted by the evident superiority of Western science and technology, had committed to an unsparing self-diagnosis which identified the aspects of Western civilization the country had to adopt in order to remove the cultural impediments to China’s own renaissance. Instead of venting its many individual the fall and rise of china 8 aversions to the West as collective hatred of the aggressors, China took a path of reason and fundamental renewal.

River. For a while the situation did not go beyond intermittent clashes with Chinese forces, as wars in the south placed greater demands on the attention of Chinese A Distant Pope is Expelled 25 generals. Only in 1685, when Cossacks began demanding tributes from Tungusic peoples in the form of fur animals, did the Chinese overrun the oldest settlement, called Albasin by the Europeans, destroy the fortifications and finally, in 1689, sign the Treaty of Nerchinsk, which set the border, returned

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