The Communist Manifesto: A Road Map to History's Most Important Political Document
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“What is globalization? Here is one of the best answers. It is the ‘constant revolutionizing of production’ and the ‘endless disturbance of all social conditions.’ It is ‘everlasting uncertainty.’ Everything ‘fixed and frozen’ is ‘swept away,’ and ‘all that is solid melts into air.’ Yes, you have read this before. It is from The Communist Manifesto, by Messrs. Marx and Engels.”—The New York Times
Here, at last, is an authoritative introduction to history’s most important political document, with the full text of The Communist Manifesto by Marx and Engels.
This beautifully organized and presented edition of The Communist Manifesto is fully annotated, with clear historical references and explication, additional related texts, and a glossary that will bring the text to life for students, as well as the general reader.
Since it was first written in 1848, the Manifesto has been translated into more languages than any other modern text. It has been banned, censored, burned, and declared “dead.” But year after year, the text only grows more influential, remaining required reading in courses on philosophy, politics, economics, and history.
“Apart from Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species,” notes the Los Angeles Times, the Manifesto “is arguably the most important work of nonfiction written in the 19th century.” The Washington Post calls Marx “an astute critic of capitalism.” Writing in The New York Times, Columbia University Professor Steven Marcus describes the Manifesto as a “masterpiece” with “enduring insights into social existence.”
The New Yorker recently described Karl Marx as “The Next Thinker” for our era. This book will show readers why.
Phil Gasper is a professor of philosophy at Notre Dame de Namur University in northern California. He writes extensively on politics and the philosophy of science and is a frequent contributor to CounterPunch.
begun its contest with feudal absolutism. 17. In other words, petty-bourgeois socialism, like feudal socialism, looks to the past for solutions. 19. Germany lagged behind France and Britain politically and economically in the first half of the nineteenth century. T H E A N N O TAT E D C O M M U N I S T M A N I F E S T O ¶20 ¶21 ¶22 ¶23 German philosophers, would-be philosophers, and beaux esprits, eagerly seized on this literature, only forgetting that when these writings immigrated from
where poor immigrants—young girls of twelve years and above—hold daytime jobs, missing out on school altogether. And a million to a million and a half migrant farmworker children— some as young as three and four years—are at work in the nation’s fields.” 29. See Foster 1999. 30. See McNally 1998. 31. See Sparks 1998 and Hoveman 1998. 32. According to the World Bank, 1.3 billion people around the world live on less than $1 per day and 4.3 billion (more than two-thirds of the world’s population)
now, the forces of production have never been developed to the point where enough could be developed for all, and that private property has become a fetter and a barrier in relation to the further development of the forces of production. Now, however, the development of big industry has ushered in a new period. Capital and the forces of production have been expanded to an unprecedented extent, and the means are at hand to multiply them without limit in the near future. Moreover, the forces of
labor—originates from the days of absolute monarchy, serving nascent middle class society as a mighty weapon in its struggle against feudalism. Still, its development remained clogged by all manner of medieval rubbish, seigniorial rights, local privileges, municipal and guild monopolies, and provincial constitutions. The gigantic broom of the French Revolution of the eighteenth century swept away all these relics of bygone times, thus clearing simultaneously the social soil of its last hindrances
Relation to the Various Existing Opposition Parties Study Questions 1. What is the relation of communists to non– working-class opposition parties? 2. Why do Marx and Engels view developments in Germany as having special importance? Discussion Questions 1. Where should socialists or communists look for allies today? Are there still progressive sections of the bourgeoisie with whom they should unite around specific issues? 2. Do you agree that if there is a socialist revolution, workers will