Historical Dictionary of Marxism (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements Series)
Elliott Johnson, Daniel Gray
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
The second edition of the Historical Dictionary of Marxism covers of the basics of Karl Marx’s thought, the philosophical contributions of later Marxist theorists, and the extensive real-world political organizations and structures his work inspired—that is, the myriad political parties, organizations, countries, and leaders who subscribed to Marxism as a creed.
This text includes a chronology, an introductory essay, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 500 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, both thinkers and doers; political parties and movements; and major communist or ex-communist countries. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Marxism.
lowest living standards. In this intense climate, Alia’s reforms simply did not go far enough, and in December 1990 the Albanian people spilled onto the streets to protest against the regime and demand the introduction of a multi-party system. Having initially ordered the army to violently suppress the demonstrations, Alia realized the will of the people would eventually prevail, especially given the atmosphere in neighboring parts of the region, and consented to free elections. In spite of the
involved fierce controversies, partly as a result of the great richness, not to mention ambiguities, of Marx’s writings, but also reflecting the fact that Marxism has always been rooted in political struggle. Schisms have occurred and factions arisen out of real political, and sometimes personal, disputes. From battles with other socialists and with anarchists to fights between rival Marxist camps, the Marxist vocabulary has grown acting as a set of signposts pointing to the twists and turns of
(1958–1959), the University of ClermontFerrand (1962–1965), and the University of Poitiers (1965, 1969–1973). He was also director of the Centre for Marxist Research and Study from 1960 to 1970. Politically Garaudy was an official in the political bureau of the PCF from 1956 until 1970, and his political posts included deputy to the First National Assembly (1946–1951), communist deputy to and vice president of the National Assembly (1956–1958), and communist member of the National Senate
developed after World War II, in seeking to investigate and explain economic development and underdevelopment in the world, followed Kautsky’s line of argument. Lenin, most famously and influentially of the three, argued in his Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism (1916) that capitalism had entered a new period of “monopoly capitalism” in which monopoly replaced competition within countries, production had become concentrated in trusts and cartels, finance and industrial capital had
strategy of prioritizing national liberation and to this end created a broad front called the League for the Independence of Vietnam (Viet Nam Doc Lap Dong Minh), or Vietminh for short. When the Japanese took over rule of Vietnam the Vietminh engaged in a struggle with them, and with the defeat of Japan abroad by the Allied forces, the Vietminh seized power with Ho Chi Minh declaring the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) on 2 September 1945. Membership of the party rapidly rose