Governance and Politics of China, Second Edition (Comparative Government and Politics)

Governance and Politics of China, Second Edition (Comparative Government and Politics)

Language: English

Pages: 408

ISBN: 1403921849

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Over the past 20 years change in China has been breathtaking. Reform has affected every facet of life and has left no policy and institution untouched. Now available in a substantially revised second edition covering the changes of the Sixteenth Party Congress and Tenth National People's Congress and other recent developments this major text by a leading academic authority, who has also lived and worked in China, provides a thorough introduction to all aspects of politics and governance in post-Mao China.

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and, as a result of peasant expectations and pre-1949 policy, land reform was carried out with land redistributed to the household. However, by the mid-1950s steps were taken towards collectivization in order for the state to extract the funds necessary to feed its industrialization programme. The division of China into 50,000 rural communes brought a uniformity to political administration in the countryside that lasted until the early 1980s when they were dismantled and a return of household

opinion it was obvious that the Soviet Union was the only source of supply. 36 Governance and Politics of China Initially in China application of the model also appeared successful and an infrastructure for industrial development was rapidly established. The concentration on industrial development meant that 88 per cent of the state’s capital investment went to heavy industry: 649 major industrial enterprises were to be built, of which 472 were to be set up in the interior regions – 156 of

other countries throughout the world. However, once they decided to act in April 2003, Hu and Wen presented themselves as modern managers with a problem-solving orientation who were concerned for the welfare of the people. By contrast, Jiang Zemin and his supporters looked irrelevant and initially were invisible, although they tried to regain some ground by bringing in the ‘Three Represents’ and stressing that economic development must not be ignored in the attempt to eradicate SARS. In the

practice, it placed the Secretariat in an extremely powerful position, as it supervised the regional party organs and the functional departments of the party that should, in theory, have been responsible directly to the CC and the Politburo. This access to information and its control functions meant that it could function as an alternative power base to the Politburo. Zhao Ziyang announced a clear change in this relationship, downgrading the Secretariat with respect to the Politburo. The

been particularly acute, and during the Cultural Revolution any pretence at distinction between the two was effectively abolished. Thus, at the start of the Cultural Revolution, the organs of party and state at the non-central levels were identical. The revolutionary committee, which replaced the pre-1966 party and state organs, initially combined the functions of both in one committee. Even after 1969 when the party structure was gradually rebuilt, confusion persisted concerning the correct

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