Chinese Food (Introductions to Chinese Culture)
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This illustrated gastronomic tour traces the development of the unique food and drink culture found in China. From ancient to modern times, the Chinese have celebrated an epicurean lifestyle, believing that food is not just meant to fill the stomach, but that an abundance of food denotes good fortune and that knowing what, and how, to eat is crucial to health. Liu Junru explores the traditions surrounding cooking and eating in China, distinctive regional variations, the development of advanced culinary techniques and new dining trends. Chinese Food will be of interest to all those with an interest in the origins of this popular cuisine, now enjoyed in every part of the world.
too tedious and restrict freedom. But it also cannot be denied that it is because that “proprieties” exist, a banquet can proceed with order, and that hosts and guests are able to communicate their feelings and thoughts. At the same time, it keeps uncivilized acts to a minimum. Etiquette, after all, is the bridge to high culture. The Art of Tea 79 The Art of Tea T he Chinese have a common saying, “Seven things in the house: firewood, rice, oil, salt, soy sauce, vinegar and tea.” It shows
an absolute Sichuan specialty; a long jet of tea water enters the bowl and stops just as it fills to the mouth, with not a single drop wasted. Elderly men prefer enjoying tea while watching Chinese opera performances or chatting with friends. Modern white-collared professionals like teahouses for it gives them a chance to relax, socialize or talk business. There is a common saying in China, “Tea can purify the heart.” The peaceful and quiet state of mind that tea represents is different from
different internal organs, and have different effects on the body. Relying on the different nature and nutritional contents of foods to influence the physical body is a unique feature of Chinese food culture. Hot and spicy foods can facilitate the flowing of qi (chi) in the five organs. In summer, with high humidity and heat, beverages such as mung bean soup, sweetsour plum juice, lily bulb soup, chilled tea and so on, are great at protecting people from heat fever. In the dry autumn air, it
beef, lamb, longan, walnuts, sesame and other high fat and high calorie foods. Especially for those who have frail bodies and are afraid of the cold, a little dog meat can help replenish heat in the body. People of different ages have different ways of therapy with food. Middle-aged people experience a time when the body slowly turns from vigorous to weak. They need high-energy foods with protective properties as well as age-defying A shop selling shark ﬁns in Guangzhou. (Photo by Zhu Jie,
that the Chinese inclination towards grains as principal food, with fish, meats, eggs, milk and vegetables being supplementary diet components, helps to provide for a balanced nutritional intake and more benefits to health, and is also in accordance with the global call for energy conservation and environmental protection. Foods from Afar 17 Foods from Afar A ccording to statistics, seventy to eighty thousand species of edible plants exist on the earth, among which are about 150 species