China's Cultural Relics (Introductions to Chinese Culture)
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China is the birthplace of one of the world's most ancient civilisations and an immense quantity and variety of cultural relics have been preserved on China's vast territory. Utilising a wealth of archaeological evidence, China's Cultural Relics provides an illustrated introduction to the artifacts that survive from different periods of Chinese history, and the collection and preservation of these precious relics in modern times. Covering a wide range of topics representative of Chinese culture, including pottery, porcelain, jade and bronze, Li Li provides a glimpse into ancient China.
protect tomb owners were gone, and in their place were fierce-looking guardian gods with animal figures underfoot. Also found in Tang tombs are figurines of civil and military officials in formal attire. Colorful steeds replaced ox carts in tombs of the long period from the Southern-Northern Dynasties to the Sui, the immediately proceeding dynasty. Also gone were those “private armies”. From Tang tombs archeologists have found jubilant horse-riding hunters and musicians, as well as polo players.
them. Decorative pa�erns on painted po�ery of the Yangshao culture Painted pottery of the Yangshao culture is recognized as the most representative of the prehistory painted pottery found in China. Back in 1921, ruins of a primitive village were found at Yangshao Village, Mianchi County, Henan Province, which were to be identified as belonging to a highly developed matriarchal society existed in central China. Many cultural relics have been unearthed from the site since then. Included are
chambers where sculptures of the sleeping Buddha – Buddha after freedom from worldly existence – are placed on earthen platforms. Murals are found everywhere – on walls and ceilings of the halls, chambers and tunnels, and also on most parts of the walls of the rear chambers, telling stories about the life of Buddha and other Buddhist stories. White, light blue and light green are the dominating colors, with brighter colors such as brown and Picture shows a Bodhisattva brownish red serving as
handle. The pot, 26.4 centimeters tall, is bright with pure white glaze. The chicken head and the dragon-shaped handle are in a style of artistic exaggeration, making the pot exceptionally attractive. No trace of blue or yellow is discerned in the glaze layer, indicating that white porcelain production techniques had become fairly sophisticated. White porcelain kilns of the Tang dynasty were mostly in areas north of the Yangtze River, in Henan, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi and Anhui Province, to be
musical instruments played at sacrificial ceremonies and on other important occasions. Tripods and quadripods with hollow legs (li), which originated from prehistory cooking utensils, were used to boil whole animal carcasses for sacrificial ceremonies and feasting. Rules based on the social estate system were strictly followed with regard to the use of bronze ware. Nine tripods and eight food containers known as gui were allowed on occasions presided over by the “Son of A wine vessel of the Shang