China in an Era of Transition: Understanding Contemporary State and Society Actors
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Given the dominance of the Chinese state in so many aspects of society, this collection considers factors such as urbanization, the marginalization of social groups, the emergence of the business elites and the dissent of internet users, to resituate understanding of the social challenges facing China.
stakeholders about this possibility, it is met with strong opposition. In fact, an overwhelming 96 percent of all ethnic respondents interviewed answered an overwhelming “no” to this proposition. In many respects, the notion of affirmative action in Mandarin denotes a negative connotation. Two words are often used to describe it: zhao gu—“to take care of” or you hui—“discount” or “special.” By implementing an affirmative action in the workplace, it is seen as actively signaling to Hans that
settlements. In view of this observation, a broad outlook is now adopted and considering the role of the elites a number of points may be raised: ● ● ● ● The value of the modern metropolis has become especially meaningful to Chinese leaders as it differentiates the contemporary city, and so open-era society, from environments and the social problems of prior ages. The impression of modernity is architecturally expressible, and it is articulated by the presence of certain design styles and
119). Some even brought their family members, friends, and fellow villagers. The migrant settlement soon resumed and became even larger. The perennial failure of “cleansing-deportation” campaigns vividly expressed the firm resistance to the clearance effort and illustrated the confrontation between city governments and migrant communities. The resumption and expansion of migrant settlements represented the power of the alliance among indigenous villagers, local community administrations, and
of NIES/Greenpeace cooperation is multifold. The MOA and Ministry of Science and Technology have claimed dominion over the GMO issue, maintaining a focus on research, development, and questions of commercialization and competition. SEPA’s formal role has been limited to duties outlined in the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. SEPA/Greenpeace cooperation on biosafety publicity campaigns has put the biosafety of GMOs on the public agenda, thus opening a door for SEPA involvement in the domestic
extraordinary growth of private economy also produced side effects that rocked the traditional base of the Communist Party of China (CPC). Evidently, the departure from command economy has weakened the centralized party-state apparatus (Tsui, Bian, and Cheng 2006, 254–58; Oi and Walder 1995). 166 / Jing Yang Some scholars observed that the continued economic growth and increasing privatization of state enterprises in scale and scope will ultimately lead to a political change. The rise of