China and the World since 1945: An International History (The Making of the Contemporary World)
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The emergence of China as a dominant regional power with global influence is a significant phenomenon in the twenty-first century. Its origin could be traced back to 1949 when the Chinese Communist Party under Mao Zedong came to power and vowed to transform China and the world. After the ‘century of humiliation’, China was in constant search of a new identity on the world stage. From alliance with the Soviet Union in the 1950s, China normalized relations with America in the 1970s and embraced the global economy and the international community since the 1980s. This book examines China’s changing relations with the two superpowers, Asian neighbours, Third World countries, and European powers.
China and the World since 1945 offers an overview of China’s involvement in the Korean War, the Sino-Soviet split, Sino-American rapprochement, the end of the Cold War, and globalization. It assess the roles of security, ideology, and domestic politics in Chinese foreign policy and provides a synthesis of the latest archival-based research on China’s diplomatic history and Cold War international history
This engaging new study examines the rise of China from a long-term historical perspective and will be essential to students of Chinese history and contemporary international relations.
Christensen have avoided an America-centric approach that treated Mao or the CCP as a passive actor in the US–China relationship: China was not for the United States to ‘gain’ or ‘lose’.13 In sum, in October 1949, Mao was in little doubt that China’s new identity was to be a loyal ally of the socialist bloc headed by the Soviet Union. Notes 1 See Suzanne Pepper, Civil War in China: The Political Struggle, 1945–1949 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978); Odd Arne Westad, Decisive
States General Agreement on Tariﬀs and Trade International History Review International Security Journal of Cold War Studies Most-Favoured-Nation National People’s Congress People’s Liberation Army People’s Republic of China Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Shanghai Cooperation Organization United Nations World Trade Organization Map Introduction History, ideology, and identity As the founding leaders of the CCP, Mao Zedong (1893–1976), Zhou Enlai (1898–1976), and Deng Xiaoping (1904–97)
status, Deng was the chief architect of China’s economic and foreign policy during the 1980s.1 Deng’s project of economic reform was devised and carried out in a gradual, piecemeal manner. The origins of the reform could be traced back to Zhou’s idea of the ‘Four Modernizations’ – agriculture, industry, science and technology, and national defence – outlined in early 1975. In February 1978, Party Chairman Hua Guofeng unveiled an ambitious ten-year modernization programme. Nevertheless, it was not
long as it catches mice, it is a good cat’. Domestically, reform began in the rural sector and in poorer regions such as Anhui. The Maoist model of central planning was replaced by economic decentralization and the market mechanism. Through the introduction of the household responsibility system and the development of rural enterprises, Deng aimed to increase agricultural productivity and rural incomes, which could help ﬁnance the development of the urban economy. As far as opening China to the
Taiwan (although they still refused to renounce the use of force against the island and passed a tough anti-secession law in March 2005). Instead, China relied on ‘strategic dialogues’ with the United States, in the hope that Washington and Beijing would develop a better understanding of each other’s views and interests including Taiwan. In 2006 China and America established the Strategic Economic Dialogue 128 The rise of China between the US Secretary of the Treasury and the Chinese