China and Globalization: The Social, Economic and Political Transformation of Chinese Society (Global Realities)
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Choice Outstanding Academic Title 2009!
In its quarter-century-long shift from communism to capitalism, China has transformed itself from a desperately poor nation into a country with one of the fastest-growing and largest economies in the world. Doug Guthrie examines the reforms driving the economic genesis in this compact and highly readable introduction to contemporary China. He highlights the social, cultural and political factors fostering this revolutionary change and interweaves a broad structural analysis with a consideration of social changes at the micro and macro levels.
In this new, revised edition author Guthrie updates his story on modern China and provides the latest authoritative data and examples from current events to chart where this dynamically changing society is headed and what the likely consequences for the rest of the world will be.
uncommon to walk into a factory, department store, or bank and see far more employees than are necessary to accomplish the tasks of that workplace. Why? The reason is that, under the planned economy, workers are simply assigned to work within various work units, and these units are responsible for supplying social security beneﬁts. In the reform era, these work units have been reluctant to simply ﬁre workers or cut pensions for retired workers as a way to cut costs. As one manager explained,
to the widespread corruption among local oﬃcials in rural areas. In the past decade, the CCP has initiated a number of political campaigns to curb oﬃcial corruption, and today the central government seems more determined than ever to eliminate the problem. However, among the challenges China faces in dealing with oﬃcial corruption is the very nature of its political system. The CCP still holds enormous and exclusive political power in China, which provides many opportunities for oﬃcials to abuse
development strategy. As with all economic strategies in communist China, it is important to view the coastal development strategy in a political light. One of the primary reasons this strategy was launched was to give Zhao more power in deﬁning the direction of China’s reform and thus shift the balance of power away from the more conservative voices in the party. Conservatives were pushing for a slowing down of economic reforms. Zhao’s main challenger here was the conservative Li Peng, and Zhao
control over the evolution of telecommunications in China. To argue that information technology (IT) plays a causal or even central role in diminishing China’s sovereign control over economic development, or the telecommunications sector, speciﬁcally, would be an 142 China and Globalization exaggeration of IT’s role in what is a larger trend. Foreign investment has played an important role in China’s reform eﬀort since it reopened its doors to foreign investment in 1979. From Deng’s visit to
the factory sits under the jurisdiction of the Caohejing district company, the local district administrative arm of the government for that area. One of the most striking things about this factory is the aggressive development course it has taken since the late 1980s. In the mid-1980s, the factory began to vigorously expand operations, and in 1990, the district administrative oﬃce decided to try turning the factory into a company, forming a board of directors and giving the board signiﬁcant