A History of Modern Tibet, Volume 3: The Storm Clouds Descend, 1955-1957

A History of Modern Tibet, Volume 3: The Storm Clouds Descend, 1955-1957

Melvyn C. Goldstein

Language: English

Pages: 754

ISBN: 9381406383

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


It is not possible to fully understand contemporary politics between China and the Dalai Lama without understanding what happened in the 1950’s. The third volume in Melvyn Goldstein's History of Modern Tibet series, The Calm before the Storm, examines the critical years of 1955 through 1957. During this period, the Preparatory Committee for a Tibet Autonomous Region was inaugurated in Lhasa, and a major Tibetan uprising occurred in Sichuan Province. Jenkhentsisum, a Tibetan anti-communist émigré group, emerged as an important player with secret links to Indian Intelligence, the Dalai Lama’s Lord Chamberlain, the United States, and Taiwan. And in Tibet, Fan Ming, the acting head of the CCP’s office in Lhasa, launched the "Great Expansion," which recruited many thousands of Han Cadres to Lhasa in preparation for beginning democratic reforms, only to be stopped decisively by Mao Zedong’s "Great Contraction" which sent them back to China and ended talk of reforms in Tibet for the foreseeable future. In Volume III, Goldstein draws on never-before seen Chinese government documents, published and unpublished memoirs and diaries, and invaluable in-depth interviews with important Chinese and Tibetan participants (including the Dalai Lama) to offer a new level of insight into the events and principal players of the time. Goldstein corrects factual errors and misleading stereotypes in the history, and uncovers heretofore unknown information on the period to reveal in depth a nuanced portrait of Sino-Tibetan relations that goes far beyond anything previously imagined.

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agrees with the measures that the TWC took when a large quantity of reactionary fliers was discovered during the prayer festival. The Dalai, the kalön, and trungtsi all say that the incident has something to do with imperialists, and that it is a bad thing that should be handled seriously. Even the faction on the right has had to agree on the surface that there should be an investigation of this, and Alo Chöndze has actually been arrested. This shows that a few pro-imperialists headed by Alo

activists, such as Phala, with more progressive officials. And he would have to cut all ties between the Kashag and the émigrés while also taking more direct action in communicating his views to the public, such as by means of more teachings and the use of the Tibet Daily newspaper. Complicating the situation for the Dalai Lama was Beijing’s decision in March 1957 to go on the offensive to destroy the rebels in Ganzi; for as the PLA began to relentlessly pursue them in the mountains, additional

43, 71, 389; and status of Panchen Lama, 12, 492; Tibetan opposition to, 19, 44, 65, 142–43 Shaanxi, 2n3, 232n17, 449n6 Shakabpa, T.W.D., xiv–xv, xxvii, xxx, 43, 73, 82, 141, 142, 428. See also Jenkhentsisum Shandong, 77 Shang Ganden Chökor Monastery, 197, 443 Shanghai, 104n70, 108, 109, 117 Shanxi, 255 Shasur, xxxi, 43, 369 Shatra, 30, 35, 64, 320 Shelkar, 53, 197 Shelkar, Lobsang Dorje, 191, 202 Shelkar Chandzö, 151, 153 Shelling, T.N., 324–25 Shelton, Albert L., 121–22 Sherab

created a crisis in Lhasa that almost ended in bloodshed, which made it easier for the Tibetan government to not implement many of the disliked points of the agreement, such as starting the Military-Administrative Committee. In the end, under pressure from the Chinese, the Kashag officially rejected the “people’s” petition and the Dalai Lama banned the Association in a public edict issued in his name. The idea of common “people” becoming active in Tibetan politics also derived from a seed sown

steps to gradually and successfully carry out the resolution of the State Council and lay a good foundation for our work in Tibet in the future, we should first let the Kashag know our attitude through Ngabö . . . and urge the Kashag to discuss the petition of Alo Chöndze. And we should ask Ngabö to do the necessary work on the Dalai and the other kalöns. On the other hand, we should pay careful attention to the attitudes and opinions of the Kashag toward the issue, and point out to the Kashag

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