1001 Facts About Dinosaurs (Backpack Books)

1001 Facts About Dinosaurs (Backpack Books)

Neil Clark, Dougal Dixon

Language: English

Pages: 192

ISBN: 0751344176

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


This guide covers dinosaurs in encyclopaedic detail with a special 32-page section providing hundreds of extra facts.

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dinosaurs are in this group, as well as the thecodonts, which are thought to be the ancestors of the dinosaurs. Other members of the archosauromorph group include pterosaurs, crocodiles, and birds. REPTILES CLASSIFIED SNAKE 175 REFERENCE Dinosaurs classified The classification of dinosaurs is controversial and is continually being revised. In this chart, dinosaurs are subdivided into three main groups – Herrerasauria (early predatory dinosaurs), Saurischia, and Ornithischia. Birds (Aves)

muscles, 32–3 plant-eaters see herbivores museums, 20–1 plants: Mussaurus, 165, 178 Cretaceous period, 29 Muttaburrasaurus, 31 flowering, 29, 133 myths, 179 herbivores, 48–9 Jurassic period, 27 N Triassic period, 24 names, 166 Plateosaurus, 24, 25, 31, 84, 87 plates, bony, 44–5, 52, 96–7, 147 plesiosaurs, 15, 124, 126–7, 128, 136, 137, 152, 161 pliosaurs, 128, 152 Pliosaurus, 126, 127 Polacanthus, 28, 44, 103 Prenocephale, 114 Preondactylus, 25 prosauropods, 26, 82, 86–7, 144, 148, 158

54 flying, 15, 24, 25, 130–3, 154, 170 legs, 38 sea, 15, 126–9, 152–3, 168 survival, 59 rhamphorhynchoids, 124, 130, 154 Rhamphorynchus, 130 Rhoetosaurus, 31 Riojasaurus, 86 rocks: S sails, 68 Saltasaurus, 30, 90–1 saurischians, 10, 62–81, 95, 176 Sauropelta, 103 sauropodomorphs, 62–91 sauropods, 84–5, 88–91, 144, 149, 160, 167 ancestors, 86 brainpower, 159 Cretaceous period, 28 discovery, 173 eggs, 16, 54 feeding, 158 Jurassic period, 26–7 life expectancy, 157 predators, 67 size, 12, 13, 85

recorded, and where the name “dinosaur” was first used. Dinosaurs found in Europe include: • Hypsilophodon • Baryonyx • Iguanodon • Compsognathus • Plateosaurus • Eustreptospondylus 31 INTRODUCTION DINOSAUR ANATOMY THE SIZE AND SHAPE of a dinosaur’s head, body, and legs help us to tell one dinosaur from another, and also tell us how the body parts were used. From the skeleton inside to the scaly skin outside, each part of a dinosaur helps build a picture of these amazing animals. Neck muscles

Hoof-shaped claw Widely spaced toes STOUT LIMBS Widely spaced toes and thick, stout limb bones helped Triceratops spread the weight of its massive body. The shorter forelimbs carried the weight of Triceratops’ huge head. Much of the body weight was supported by the long and powerful rear legs. Short and stubby toes on all four feet ended in hoof-shaped claws. The claw was the first part of Baryonyx to be discovered, giving the dinosaur the nickname “Claws.’’ GIANT CLAW The powerful carnivore

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